The dwarf crocodile is, however, a largely nocturnal predator, spending most daylight hours hidden in small pools or in deep burrows. Twitter. Most crocodiles live in fresh water rivers and lakes but some live in salt water. Crocodile facts . Interesting Crocodile Facts: 21-25. Lifespan: Ages of over 56 years have been recorded. Crocodiles were revered by the ancient Egyptians but nowadays they are generally regarded as ugly, fearsome and dangerous creatures. When the Australian crocodiles were finally made a protected species their numbers slowly recovered. • Large saltwater crocodiles can stay underwater for … When completely under the water, the ears are covered by small flaps of skin which can be closed to make the ears watertight. Saltwater crocodile likely make its habitats in mangrove swamps, brackish water, deltas, estuaries, and lagoons. crocodile populations PDF (95.9 KB) crocodile safety PDF (97.3 KB) crocodile science PDF (113.3 KB) crocodile photobook PDF (6.0 MB) fishing and boating PDF (1.5 MB) what you need to know about crocs PDF (340.5 KB) junior ranger Nature Notes for living with crocodiles PDF (884.3 KB) crocs are deadly colouring in sheet PDF (1.3 MB) One family of crocodilians includes the crocodiles, alligators and caimans - Crocodylidae; the second family, Gavialidae, has only one member - the gharial or gavial (a very narrow-snouted crocodile). Read more. <>>> Created: Nov … Alligators differ from crocodiles in several ways. Crocs(are(deadly.(4. American alligator populations reached all-time lows in the 1950s, primarily due to market- hunting and habitat loss. In one study, nearly 55% of Crocodiles live on the Earth 240 million years. The American crocodile is considered at-risk in nearly all parts of its North, Central, and South American range. Loading... Save for later. The Nile Crocodile is one of the largest of all crocodilians (the estuarine crocodile, the most aquatic and marine of all crocodilians, living in South India, Indonesia and South Australia, is reputed to be the biggest of all). The main reason for the over-hunting of crocodilians is the demand for their skins, which may be made into handbags, shoes, brief cases etc. The saltwater crocodile is the largest species of crocodile. Even that of a great white shark! © 2020 Young People's Trust For the Environment. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> %PDF-1.5 They appeared at the same time when dinosaurs appeared. They have changed very little during the 150 million years that they have lived on Earth. The size, ferocity and incredible bite strength of these apex predators make them a truly awesome animal. Like alligators, crocodiles are … Read the fact sheet and answer thje questions and activities that follow. In 1975, the American crocodile was federally listed as an endangered species. NILE CROCODILE FACT SHEET 2017 During the dry season, Nile crocodiles will either need to move to a more permanent area of water or estivate when temperatures are too hot. Estivation is similar to hibernation in that an animal’s activity and food intake drastically slows. It preys on almost anything, including hoofed animals that drink at the water's edge, predatory fish - and sometimes humans! 2 0 obj The Siamese crocodile has the scientific name as Crocodylus siamensis. When it is fairly cool, they rest on a waterside bank, allowing the sun to warm their body. • They are vocal and have about 20 different sounds for communication. Interesting Crocodile Facts: Closest relatives of crocodiles are birds and dinosaurs. Its bite is ten times more powerful compared to a … Crocodile facts . The saltwater crocodile is the largest species of crocodile. In comparison, our crocodile facts tell us that a crocodile’s jaws can apply 5000 pounds of pressure per square inch. Saltwater Crocodile Facts For Kids Conclusion. 4.7 6 customer reviews. <> The crocodile uses its strong jaws and teeth to drag an animal underwater and drown it. One of the prehistoric crocodiles, Phobusuchus, was four times longer than the largest modern crocodile. Diet: Mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and carrion. The illegal hunting of crocodilians must be stamped out if these interesting and useful reptiles are to survive in the wild. Large lizards, mongooses, hyenas, birds, large fish and other crocodiles all eat hatchlings. A member of the crocodile family, the American alligator is a living fossil from the Age of Reptiles, having survived on earth for 200 million years. Loading... Save for later. Description: A long body armoured with bony plates set in the skin of the back; long deep-sided tail, short limbs and long-snouted skull. They use great pressure to close their mouths. Crocodile Facts & Worksheets. Yet another problem is the use of new types of fishing nets called gill nets, in which crocodiles can become entangled and drown. stream Crocodilians are the closest surviving relatives of the great dinosaurs. Crocodiles have the very keen hearing. The majority of their diet is fish but adults will also eat antelope, ostrich, baboon, zebra and buffalo. We hope that you have enjoyed reading these Saltwater Crocodile facts for kids. Despite the mother's protection, very few crocodiles reach adulthood. Some have lived even longer. Hatchling For the eggs to hatch into male crocs, the temperature of … <> Explore more than 10,000 'Crocodile Fact Sheet Template' resources for teachers, parents and pupils COMPREHENSION ON CROCODILES. They can swim up to 25mph. Crocs(move(around.(3. There are 14 species of crocodiles, which vary in lifespan between 35 – 75 years, and considerably in size. It can grow up to six metres and is a serious threat to humans. Preview and details Files included (1) pdf, 212 KB. Involvement in the crocodile harvest and management builds on and strengthens cultural and traditional knowledge and practices of indigenous people, enabling them to stay “on country” using traditional skills rather than moving to urban areas for jobs. Pinterest. Let us learn some of the most exciting and useful saltwater crocodile facts for kids. Saltwater crocodiles have evolved special characteristics that make them excellent predators. The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptilespecies . It can reach 7m (23 ft) in length and weight one ton! See the fact file below for more information about crocodiles. Home Reptiles Slender-Snouted Crocodile Facts for Kids. They have broader, blunter snouts, which give their heads a triangular appearance; also, the lower fourth tooth does not protrude when the mouth is closed, as it does in the crocodile. Hatchling gender is determined by the heat of the sun-warmed nest; lower temperatures produce mostly females while higher temperatures produce mostly males (Branch, 1998). Crocodiles vary in size. The best hope for their survival lies in the setting-up of sanctuaries within their existing habitats, where they are protected from hunters. Diet consists primarily of invertebrates, with a smaller representation of vertebrates. Relentless hunting has severely reduced a lot of crocodilians. Today when crocodiles are cut open, their intestines resemble the skull of the man killed. They also eat large quantities of predatory fish, so helping to preserve suitable fish for humans. Crocodiles inhabit saltwater, brackish water, or freshwater near coastal areas in mangrove-lined ponds, creeks, coves, man-made ponds, and canals. They are vocal and have about 20 different sounds for communication. 22. a government fact-sheet on the species says full-grown adults will feed on "whatever they can overpower" and wait at the waters edge to ambush animals that approach. There are between 5 000 - 6 000 species of reptiles in the world today, and of these 23 are crocodilians. One species, the Australian saltie, also travels in coastal salt water. [online], Available from: http://crocodilian.com/cnhc/cbd-faq-q3.htm [accessed 01/06/2015]. Young crocodiles feed upon fish, frogs, insects and reptiles. Free. It lives mostly in large tropical rivers, where it is an ambush predator. The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is a top predator that lives along the southern tip of peninsular Florida. endobj The two facts combined made crocodiles just about disappear in other countries that previously had healthy populations. Crocodilians play an important role in the ecology of their watery habitats. Crocodiles inhabit saltwater, brackish water, or freshwater near coastal areas in mangrove-lined ponds, creeks, coves, man-made ponds, and canals. There are between 5 000 - 6 000 species of reptiles in the world today, and of these 23 are crocodilians. BeCrocwise(Be#CROCWISE:#Enjoy#thewaterways#safely# FAsciNATiNG FAcTs Crocodile ancestors lived before the age of the dinosaurs, 135 to 65 million years ago. They are closely related to crocodiles. x��[[s�6~����V���;��θ�������;;;�>Ply�*M%���s@B"(v��0pp�߹@/>��{����K}�����������+%��Q*n��ϔ��?%���Y.�Y)n?��E�?^�������۟��n`��yw-Ā���B�eU�2IDU2I����6�Aԯ?���L��t��%~�y��n#}K4���=�>���B���qu}+��O���M�T2����k_�J�N�J��s�{�LE%��#��"��T��.e^ytl���[�γc��x����2[��?߁"��۠A��}��������Qn(^�=���b�x����qy�/�WQ��="�le�9�r����"�I^{t`>�.i&��P� z��?��r���_h�x�4��s��$O�\�$��*C�zӴ�C���(e��&)'��2�1k��X͵��dn)^�T�'�6|�acD�,L�o4�iU������u���2[. The nostrils can also be closed by special muscles, and the eyes have a 'third eyelid' which gives protection when diving. ReddIt. 1989) but this fact has been poorly substantiated. There are between 5 000 - 6 000 species of reptiles in the world today, and of these 23 are crocodilians. Breeding: Nile crocodiles begin to breed when they are around 2.5m in length - this may take 7 years to achieve. Another threat to the crocodiles is destruction of their habitat - drainage of wetlands, clearance of riverside forests, trampling of nesting sites by cattle - have all reduced suitable habitat. Estuarine (saltwater) crocodiles are the world’s largest reptiles and Australia’s largest estuarine and … FACTS: There are two species–a large type found in the United States and a small type found in China. One family of crocodilians includes the crocodiles, alligators and caimans - Crocodylidae; the second family, Gavialidae, has only one member - the gharial or gavial (a very narrow-snouted crocodile). Fantastic collection of worksheets and resources available to download today. When the young are ready to hatch, they begin to call with squeaky 'chirps' and their mother digs them out of the nest. Crocodiles eat a variety of fish, birds and other animals. An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. As of 2020, 7 of the 23 crocodile species were listed as critically endangered and 4 were listed as vulnerable. Facebook. Crocodilian Biology Database (2012), Frequently Asked Questions, How long do crocodiles live for? But the muscles used to open them are very weak, a large band of rubber can be placed around the jaws to keep them closed when transporting them. Read more. • The largest crocodile species is SALTWATER CROCODILE. Author: Created by coreenburt. Commercial crocodile farming is also being tried in a few countries, a small percentage of the crocodiles raised being used for restocking wild habitats, and the remainder used for skin products. She lays up to 80 white hard-shelled eggs, covers them well with sand and guards them for about 3 months. 21. Info. It eats every part of the body, including bones and antlers, which help digestion. Crocodilians, being cold-blooded reptiles, have to avoid extremes of temperature. True crocodiles have lower teeth which fit into notches either side of the outer upper jaw - protruding when the jaws are closed. The answer is that there is very little difference between any of the crocodilians. Since they are big, there is a crocodile species called “Dwarf Crocodile” They act as scavengers, just as vultures, hyenas and jackals do on land, keeping the rivers and lakes clear of carrion (dead animals). Crocodile, (order Crocodylia, or Crocodilia), any of 23 species of generally large, ponderous, amphibious animals of lizard-like appearance and carnivorous habit belonging to the reptile order Crocodylia. WhatsApp. About this resource. The crocodile swimming speed is three times the speed of a fastest human swimmer. Please donate £1 to help YPTE to continue its work of inspiring young people to look after our world. Crocodiles have powerful jaws with many conical teeth and short legs with clawed webbed toes. In PDF & Google Slides format. Crocodiles do not sweat. The estuarine crocodile usually inhabits the lower reaches of rivers, while the upper reaches are inhabited by the freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnstoni). Crocodile Facts: The jaws of a crocodile are the strongest of any animal. The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptilespecies . During the 1950s some 5 - 10 million Nile crocodiles a year were killed for their skins. Created: Nov 19, 2011 | Updated: May 10, 2020. The slender-snouted crocodile (Mecistops cataphractus) is a rare crocodile species that lives throughout the Africa. From more information about amazing Australian animals, visit page: Australian Animals. The easiest to identify is the gharial because it has an extremely long, thin snout. Crocodile fact sheet and comprehension. Having resided in the Australia Zoo as one of its oldest residents, Mr Freshie was a freshwater crocodile that lived to be 140 years old making him the oldest known crocodile to ever be put in captivity. 1 0 obj Free. Today several breeding programs exist in Australia, for skin and meat production. Preview. Some crocodile species can weigh over 1200 kg (2600 lb). 4.7 6 customer reviews. Distribution: Madagascar, Egypt and central Africa, south to Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe. The nostrils, eyes and ears lie along the top of the head so that the animal can hear, see, smell and breathe when the rest of the body is submerged. Crocodiles are large, carnivorous reptiles of the order Crocodilia, found in tropical and subtropical regions. In very dry climates, crocodiles may sleep until the dry season ends. They can even hear the voice of babies from the eggs. One family of crocodilians includes the crocodiles, alligators and caimans - Crocodylidae; the second family, Gavialidae, has only one member - the gharial or gavial (a very narrow-snouted crocodile). The Nile crocodile is a carnivore. Like all reptiles, crocodiles use the environment to regulate their body temperature. Crocodiles are an important motif in Aboriginal art. The Young People's Trust for the Environment is a charity which aims to encourage young people's understanding of the environment and the need for sustainability. Be#Croc#Aware:4#simplemessages# 1. As the miniature crocodiles (about 30cm long) hatch, the female gently picks up a few at a time in her jaws and carries them to a safe nursery area in the water. Hello friends, and welcome to a new Happy Learning video. They have flattened bodies and tails, short legs, and powerful jaws. Largest crocodile species is Saltwater Crocodile which can reach 13-18 feet in length and weigh up to 2200 pounds. Crocodiles release heat through their mouths rather than through sweat glands. It can grow up to six metres and is a serious threat to humans. Download the fact sheet Crocodile Fact Sheet. Author: Created by coreenburt. Created: Nov 19, 2011 | Updated: May 10, 2020. Crocodiles live in swamps or on river banks and catch their prey in the water. Because both species of crocodile have intestines the same shape they are said to have a common ancestor. Read the fact sheet and answer thje questions and activities that follow. Crocodilians are the closest surviving relatives of the great dinosaurs and they have changed very little during the 150 million years that they have lived on Earth! The largest crocodile species is saltwater crocodile. Today we are going to learn about the crocodile...a very carnivorous reptile. Habitat: Mainly large rivers, lakes, waterholes and wetlands; also estuaries and mangrove swamps. Also, several projects have been started for breeding Nile crocodiles in captivity with the intention of restocking suitable rivers and lakes. Alligators and caimans have broader snouts than crocodiles and the lower teeth cannot be seen when the jaw is closed - all their upper jaw teeth hang over those in the lower jaw. Crocodile Facts Overview Crocodiles are semi-aquatic and live in wetland areas, freshwater rivers or lakes, or saltwater – residing in estuaries, lagoons, or mangrove swamps, rather than far out at sea.

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